MPCE 012 IGNOU Solved Assignment 2023-24 (free) Part 3
“Unlock the world of Psychodiagnostics MPCE 012 with this Solved Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA) for July 2023-January 2024. In Section – C, explore concise answers, approximately 50 words each, covering topics such as unstandardizing standardized tests, the APA Ethics Code, crisis interviews, assessment tools like WAIS-IV and Ravens Progressive Matrices, the concept of referral questions, characteristics of tests of abstraction, and the uses of neuropsychological assessment.”
Q.9 Unstandardising standardized tests
Ans. Unstandardizing standardized tests involves removing the predetermined scoring and norms, returning raw scores to test-takers. This process allows for an individualized assessment, focusing on specific strengths and weaknesses rather than relative performance compared to a normative group. It’s useful in educational settings to tailor interventions and support.
Q.10 APA Ethics Code
Ans. The APA Ethics Code, developed by the American Psychological Association (APA), outlines ethical principles and standards for psychologists. It promotes beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice, and fidelity. It guides psychologists in professional conduct, confidentiality, informed consent, and addressing conflicts of interest, ensuring ethical practice and client well-being.
Q.11 Crisis interview
Ans. A crisis interview is a brief, focused interaction between a mental health professional and an individual facing an acute psychological crisis. It aims to assess the person’s immediate safety, provide emotional support, and help stabilize the crisis situation. The focus is on intervention and safety rather than comprehensive assessment or therapy.
Ans. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV), is a widely used intelligence test for adults. It assesses various cognitive abilities, including verbal and non-verbal reasoning, memory, and processing speed. The test provides an overall IQ score and measures of specific cognitive domains, aiding in clinical and educational assessments.
Q.13 Ravens Progressive Matrices
Ans. Raven’s Progressive Matrices is a non-verbal cognitive assessment tool. It consists of visual puzzles where participants must identify patterns and complete missing elements. It measures abstract reasoning and problem-solving abilities, often used to assess fluid intelligence independent of language or cultural bias, making it valuable in cross-cultural assessments and research.
Q.14 Referral question
Ans. A referral question is a concise query or concern posed to a specialist or professional, typically by a referring party (e.g., a physician, teacher, or employer). It outlines the specific reason for seeking expertise or assessment and guides the evaluator’s focus during the evaluation or consultation process.
Q.15 Characteristics of tests of abstraction
Ans. Tests of abstraction assess a person’s ability to identify and understand abstract concepts, often using visual or verbal stimuli. Characteristics include the use of complex, non-concrete ideas or symbols, requiring higher-order thinking. These tests evaluate cognitive flexibility, problem-solving, and the capacity to grasp and apply abstract principles in various contexts.
Q.16 Wisconsin Card Sorting Test
Ans. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is a psychological assessment tool used to measure cognitive flexibility and executive functioning. It involves sorting cards based on changing rules, requiring participants to adapt their strategies. WCST assesses problem-solving abilities, mental flexibility, and frontal lobe function, often used in clinical and neuropsychological evaluations.
Q.17 Torrance test of creativity
Ans. The Torrance Test of Creativity is an assessment tool designed to measure various aspects of creativity, including divergent thinking and creative problem-solving. It typically involves open-ended tasks where individuals generate unique ideas or solutions. The test assesses originality, fluency, flexibility, and elaboration of creative thinking across different domains.
Q.18 Uses of neuropsychological assessment
Ans. Neuropsychological assessment evaluates cognitive and behavioral functioning to diagnose brain-related conditions. It aids in diagnosing and managing disorders like dementia, traumatic brain injury, and neurodevelopmental disorders. It guides treatment planning, monitors progress, informs rehabilitation strategies, supports legal cases, and provides insights into cognitive strengths and weaknesses for personalized interventions.