Welcome to the BPAG 173 SOLVED IGNOU ASSIGNMENT FREE PART 2 TMA. Assignment B streamlines your approach with concise answers to three pivotal questions. In about 250 words each, explore the components and types of information systems, highlight the features of the National Policy on Electronics 2019, and discuss the role of Information and Communication Technology applications in rural development. Our short and focused responses provide a straightforward path for grasping these critical aspects of electronic governance, ensuring a smooth and successful completion of your assignments.


Q.3 Explain the components and types of information systems.

Ans. 1. Components of Information Systems:

   – Hardware: Physical components like computers, servers, and networking devices that form the infrastructure for information systems.

   – Software: Applications, operating systems, and other software that enable users to interact with the hardware and perform tasks.

   – Data: Raw facts and figures stored in databases or files, serving as the foundation for information and knowledge.

   – Procedures: Standardized methods and guidelines that dictate how processes within the information system should be carried out.

   – People: Users, developers, administrators, and other personnel involved in the design, development, and use of the information system.

   – Networks: Infrastructure that enables communication and data transfer between different components of the information system.

2. Types of Information Systems:

   – Transaction Processing Systems (TPS): Handle day-to-day transactions such as sales, purchases, and inventory tracking. They ensure data integrity and support operational efficiency.

   – Management Information Systems (MIS): Provide information to support managerial decision-making. They aggregate data from various sources to generate reports and summaries.

   – Decision Support Systems (DSS): Assist in complex decision-making processes by providing analytical tools and models to evaluate alternatives and scenarios.

   – Executive Information Systems (EIS): Cater to the needs of top-level executives by providing strategic information and summaries for high-level decision-making.

   – Expert Systems: Incorporate artificial intelligence to emulate human decision-making in specialized domains. They rely on rules and knowledge bases to provide expert advice.

   – Office Automation Systems (OAS): Streamline office processes, including communication, document management, and scheduling, to enhance productivity.

   – Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): Integrate various business functions and processes into a unified system, ensuring coherence and efficiency across an organization.

   – Knowledge Management Systems (KMS): Facilitate the creation, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of organizational knowledge to support decision-making and innovation.

   – Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Manage, analyze, and visualize spatial data to support decision-making based on geographical or location-related information.

   – Customer Relationship Management (CRM): Focus on managing interactions with customers, utilizing data to enhance customer satisfaction and business relationships.

Understanding the components and types of information systems is crucial for organizations to effectively leverage technology for their specific needs, whether it’s improving operational efficiency, supporting decision-making, or enhancing customer relationships.

Q.4 Highlight the features of National Policy on Electronics 2019.

Ans. The National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 2019 is a comprehensive framework aimed at promoting the growth of the electronics sector in India. It outlines various strategies and initiatives to position India as a global hub for electronics manufacturing and innovation. Here are the key features of the NPE 2019:

1. Promotion of Electronics Manufacturing:

   – The policy aims to promote domestic manufacturing of electronics, targeting a net positive balance of trade in the electronics sector.

2. Creating a Global Hub for Electronics Manufacturing:

   – It envisions positioning India as a preferred destination for electronics manufacturing, attracting investments and fostering a conducive ecosystem.

3. Research and Development (R&D):

   – Encourages increased investment in R&D activities to foster innovation and product development in the electronics sector.

4. Promotion of Industry-Led Growth:

   – The policy emphasizes industry-led growth and collaboration, facilitating private sector initiatives and partnerships.

5. Incentives and Support:

   – Provides incentives, subsidies, and support mechanisms to encourage investments in electronics manufacturing and related infrastructure.

6. Skilling and Human Resource Development:

   – Focuses on skilling and developing a qualified workforce to meet the demands of the electronics industry, promoting employment opportunities.

7. Environmental Sustainability:

   – Integrates measures for sustainable and environmentally friendly practices in electronics manufacturing, promoting responsible and green growth.

8. Encouraging Startups and Entrepreneurship:

   – Supports the growth of startups and entrepreneurship in the electronics sector, fostering innovation and creativity.

9. Export Promotion:

   – Aims to boost electronics exports by providing necessary support and incentives to manufacturers and exporters.

10. National Electronics Mission:

    – Introduces a National Electronics Mission to create a conducive environment for the growth of the electronics sector.

11. Digital India:

    – Aligns with the broader Digital India initiative, leveraging electronics and information technology for comprehensive development.

12. Consumer Awareness:

    – Emphasizes the importance of creating awareness among consumers about the benefits of domestically manufactured electronic goods.

Q.5 Discuss the role of Information and Communication Technology applications in rural development.

Ans. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) applications play a crucial role in rural development by empowering communities, enhancing agricultural practices, and improving access to essential services. Here are key aspects of their role:

1. Agricultural Innovation:

   – ICT tools provide farmers with real-time information on weather conditions, market prices, and best agricultural practices.

   – Mobile applications offer insights into crop management, pest control, and efficient water usage, contributing to increased productivity.

2. Market Access:

   – Digital platforms and mobile applications connect rural producers to broader markets, eliminating intermediaries and ensuring fair prices for their products.

   – E-commerce platforms enable farmers to sell directly to consumers, overcoming traditional market challenges.

3. Financial Inclusion:

   – Mobile banking and digital payment systems facilitate financial transactions in rural areas, reducing the reliance on cash.

   – This enhances financial inclusion by providing access to formal banking services, credit, and insurance for rural communities.

4. Healthcare Services:

   – Telemedicine and mobile health applications improve access to healthcare services in remote areas.

   – ICT enables remote consultations, health monitoring, and the dissemination of health information, contributing to better healthcare outcomes.

5. Education and Skill Development:

   – E-learning platforms and digital educational resources bridge gaps in rural education.

   – ICT applications facilitate skill development programs, empowering rural populations with relevant skills for employment.

6. Rural Governance:

   – ICT enables efficient and transparent governance through e-governance initiatives.

   – Digital platforms streamline processes related to land records, public distribution systems, and social welfare programs, reducing bureaucratic hurdles.

7. Disaster Management:

   – ICT applications aid in early warning systems and disaster management strategies.

   – Communities can receive timely information about impending disasters, facilitating proactive measures for preparedness and response.

8. Social Connectivity:

   – Social media and communication platforms connect rural communities, enabling them to share knowledge, experiences, and solutions.

   – This fosters a sense of community and helps disseminate information on local issues.

In essence, the integration of ICT applications in rural development contributes to sustainable growth, improved livelihoods, and enhanced quality of life. By leveraging technology, rural communities can overcome geographical barriers and access resources and opportunities that were previously out of reach.


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